Peninsular Malaysia shares a land and maritime border with Thailand and maritime borders with Singapore, Vietnam, and Indonesia.
) is a federal constitutional monarchy located in Southeast Asia.
It consists of thirteen states and three federal territories and has a total landmass of 330,803 square kilometres (127,720 sq mi) separated by the South China Sea into two similarly sized regions, Peninsular Malaysia and East Malaysia (Malaysian Borneo).
The capital city is Kuala Lumpur, while Putrajaya is the seat of the federal government.
With a population of over 30 million, Malaysia is the 44th most populous country.
Malaysia has its origins in the Malay kingdoms present in the area which, from the 18th century, became subject to the British Empire.