However, whenever a guttural was pronounced it was usually rendered by an ḫ, e.g., נְחֹשֶׁת nu-ḫu-uš-tum ( 2) The Egyptian material, while more faithfully representative of the consonantal system, did not have a clearly defined vowel system. Naturally, such words are expected to behave differently than the norm of pre-biblical Hebrew.As far as the vocalization of the Egyptian material is concerned, this study bases itself on W. Albright's Vocalization of the Egyptian Syllabic Orthography (). When assessing place names, it is necessary to remember that they are conservative by nature, and do not always undergo the same linguistic changes as other words (e.g., Ak-ka Phonology no. It is important, too, to remember that place names are often lexically difficult and may at times be non-Semitic in origin (cf. Finally, it must be remembered that Canaanite itself was probably under the strong influence of Amorite, and that some forms found in the transcriptions may be directly due to this influence.In all, there are 150 names from the period between 19 (2) At Taanach (5 mi.
(1) The Egyptian material consists of lists of Canaanite personal and place names.
Evidence of this type exists for the period from the mid-20 There is no corpus of texts written in pre-biblical Hebrew, but only toponyms and single words transcribed into syllabaries which were not able to render accurately the consonants and vowel patterns of Hebrew.
This material is written in the Egyptian and Akkadian syllabaries and care must be exercised in reconstructing the language upon which these transcripts are based.
In 1909, Burchardt published all the words and Hebrew parallels known at that time.
Much more important are the Execration texts, published first by Sethe, and supplemented by Posener.