Vellore has four zones (totally 60 wards) which covers an area of 87.915 km It is located about 145 kilometres (90 mi) west of the state capital Chennai and about 211 kilometres (131 mi) east of Karnataka capital Bengaluru.Vellore is administered by a Vellore Municipal Corporation under a mayor.The Government of India has released next round of smart cities project list.
Vellore leather accounts for more than 37% of the country's export of leather and leather-related products.
Vellore is also home to several manufacturing and automobile companies such as Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited, MRF Limited, TVS-Brakes India, Tamil Nadu Industrial Explosives Limited, Greaves Cotton, Arcelor Mittal Dhamm Processing, SAME Deutz-Fahr (Italy), Mitsubishi Heavy Industries (Japan) and KRAMSKI (Germany).
In Tamil, the word vel means spear that is seen as the weapon of Hindu god Murugan and oor means place.
It is also a major centre for medical tourism in India.
Vellore region is the top exporter of finished leather goods in the country.