It draws from a range of theories including symbolic interactionism, discourse theory and feminism.
The theory of sexual scripting brings sociological, cultural, anthropological, historical and social psychological tools to the study of human sexualities.
The idea of sexual script brings a new metaphor and imagery for understanding human sexual activity as social and learned interactions. Gagnon and William Simon in their 1973 book Sexual Conduct.
The idea highlights three levels of scripting: cultural/historical, social/interactive and personal/intrapsychic.
Cultural scenarios are linked to different historical periods and social change; scripts can be shown to change with the arrival of HIV/AIDS in the 1980s, for example (Epstein, Lauman ...).